DIGITAL LITERACIES

WHAT THIS COURSE IS ABOUT

The digital world is changing around us. 

It was the 1980's when the Windows and Mac operating systems were released. It was 2004 when Facebook launched, followed by Twitter in 2006.

Since then we have seen many new applications developed - such as Pinterest and Instagram in 2010, Snapchat in 2011 and TikTok in 2017. There are new applications all the time, and the applications we use are also changing - Instagram launched IGTV in 2018 which allows people to upload long videos not just images.

Because things are changing quickly it's really hard to keep up.

In this course we'll try to help you keep up by looking at some of the technologies that we all use and encouraging you to ask some questions about them that might be helpful.

By doing so, the idea of to help you increase what has been called your digital literacy: the ability to understand and use technologies.

DIGITAL LITERACYThe ability to understand and use digital technologies.

WHO THIS COURSE IS FOR

This course is not just for school students but also for parents and teachers. Each of you will need to know different things to become more digitally literate - but there are also some common questions you can ask. 

If you are a student, some of the issues that might be important include how your data is used (your digital footprint), how you know and control what is seen about you (your privacy) and about some of the uses of new applications and services - to learn about the world, share information and make new things. 

If you are a teacher, it's important to understand these issues but also to be able to compare, contrast, and analyze new technologies so that you can use them in your teaching. 

And if you are a parent, because it can be hard to keep up with the latest messaging app your teen is using or the latest video app or game they are spending time on, you might need to know what kinds of things these apps and services do. This course will help you. 

TAKE OUR DIGITAL LITERACY QUIZ

This quiz tests your knowledge of digital applications and services. Some of the questions are easy, some of them might be a bit harder. They cover social media, video apps, messaging, audio apps and games. 

We'll give you 1 point for each correct answer and at the end of the quiz we'll provide you with the correct answers and some things you might want to read. 



SOCIAL MEDIA: How many characters are allowed in a Tweet?




SOCIAL MEDIA: Which social network does not provide selfie filters?




SOCIAL MEDIA: Facebook was originally targeted at which group of users?




SOCIAL MEDIA: How long does the average user spend on social media each day?




SOCIAL MEDIA: Who are the most active social media users by time spent each day?




SOCIAL MEDIA: Which is the most popular social media app for those aged 18-24?




VIDEO: A user on YouTube is reporting their experience at the scene of a crime. Warning of graphic images is provided at the beginning of the video and the graphic images and sounds are thoroughly blurred. The video is titled “My Experience - Crime in my Neighborhood.” Would this video violate the YouTube Community Guidelines that prohibit “Violent or graphic content intended to shock or disgust viewers”?


VIDEO: A video is posted of a makeup tutorial and the camera is zoomed out with a child in the center of the frame. A user posts comments on her video and says “You look good! You should dm me.‘’ Would this meet the community guidelines?



VIDEO: A user uploads a video sharing his thoughts on the benefits of smoking weed for adults. He features clips of himself smoking in the video. The video does not contain any information on where to purchase weed. Does this video violate community guidelines?


VIDEO: Are the following products allowed to be advertised on YouTube either directly or by posting links to sites that sell them?




VIDEO: YouTube operates a strikes system where users are found to have violated guidelines. How many strikes are there?


VIDEO: After your first strike, on YouTube for how long are you unable to upload content?


VIDEO: How long does a strike remain on your channel in YouTube?




VIDEO: What is the minimum age for having a YouTube account?

VIDEO: What is the most popular YouTube channel in 2020?




MESSAGING: How many text messages, using SMS, are sent a day worldwide?

MESSAGING: Which messaging platform has the most users?




MESSAGING: On Snapchat, how long are messages kept before they are erased?

MESSAGING: On Snapchat, how long are photos viewable for?

MESSAGING: What personal details do you need to set up a Kik messenger account?




MESSAGING: WhatsApp allows group video calling. How many people can be in a call?




GAMING: The average gamer is how old?

GAMING: What is the most polar video gaming platform?




GAMING: What proportion of gamers are female?

GAMING: What proportion of gamers play collaboratively with users in multiplayer games?




AUDIO: When using Alexa and Google Home smart speakers, when do they stop listening?

AUDIO: How many people use smart speakers in the US?




AUDIO: Do Amazon, Google and Apple store recordings of your interactions with them?

AUDIO: What proportion of children interact with a voice activated assistant?





AUDIO:  Alexa skills allow users to interact with hardware, apps and games through voice commands. Are there specific skills for children?

WHO ARE YOU?

STUDENT

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TEACHER

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PARENT

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STUDENT

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We're going to look at some different types of digital technologies you might use to see if we can help you develop your digital literacy.

We won't be talking about the basics of how to use them, or about all the possible apps you might use. Instead we've made a section of digital technologies and apps you are probably using right now. 

We're going to look at messaging, social media, video sharing, audio and gaming

MESSAGING

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Messaging apps are apps that let you chat with your friends, either in real time oyou can continue the conversation when you get the chance. These apps let you send text, video, images and your location to other people or groups. Some of them will let you talk in real time. Some messaging apps will allow you to send a message that will be deleted once it has been viewed. 

MOST USED MESSAGING APPS WORLDWIDE

WhatsApp 1.6 billion 
Facebook Messenger 1.3 billion
WeChat 1.151 billion
QQ 731 million
SnapChat 382 million
Viber 260 million
Discord 250 million

HOW OLD DO I NEED TO BE?

When you are signing up to a messaging app most will ask you what your date of birth is. This is because there are laws around the companies collecting your information, they are not allowed to if you are younger than 13. This is why most messaging apps do not allow users who are younger than 13.   

WHAT'S GREAT ABOUT THEM?

Allow you to continue conversations when you are no longer with the person you were talking to earlier 

Meet people from all different parts of the world that you might not have the opportunity to without this technology. 

Create an environment where you can give and receive support and advice quickly and easily 

Learn new things and share ideas. 

Video sharing and hosting technology allows for collaboration opportunities that previously would have only been able to be facilitated in a face to face format.  

Help you do develop skills in managing multiple data sources. 

WHAT ARE SOME DOWNSIDES

Advertising is not always appropriate for you 

Poor choices are a lot more public and permanent in large group chats  

The data collected by the service can be used in a way that you haven’t thought of 

People may be more willing to type something that they would not say to your face. 

WHAT QUESTIONS SHOULD I ASK

Who can see the messages that I send, including the ones that dissappear?  

Can the people who made the app use my messages in other ways? 

How do I find people the I know to message with? 

Can I message groups? 

Is there a way for me to get help if I need it? 

Are the any costs involved in using this platform? 

How much of my phone data will this app use? 

HERE'S A CASE STUDY

Case Study